Walking With Beasts BBC Part02 Whale Killer
Click here to download subtitles file for the movie "Walking With Beasts BBC Part02 Whale Killer"
Get Paid for using YouTube!
When the dinosaurs disappeared|so too did the gigantic
marine reptiles that once|terrorised the oceans.
For almost twenty-five million|years there was nothing around
to eat the sharks.
But there are now awesome new|monsters of the deep.
The giant whales have arrived.
Forget the gentle filter feeders|of the twenty-first century.
These days every whale is a killer.
lt is the late Eocene and the|world is still a hot one.
However it is drier than before|and so where once the land
was completely covered|in lush rainforest
there are now more open spaces.
Freed from the constraints of|living in dense forest
some mammals have started|to get larger.
Here on the scrub plains|big is beautiful.
These changes have not|suited everyone.
The large killer birds are no|longer much in evidence,
replaced on most continents|by fearsome new mammal predators.
Like dinosaurs before them mammals|dominate the planet.
But they are about to undergo|their severest challenge.
The climate change the world|has seen so f ar is mild
compared to what is coming.
This programme is about the|beginning of primate chaos
The problem starts not on land|but in the ocean and affects
even the mightiest of mammals.
This is the legendary Tethys|a tropical sea that
stretches almost half way round|the world and has connected
Asia with the Atlantic since the|time of the dinosaurs.
lt is now home to one of the|mammal's biggest success stories.
Basilosaurus - eighteen metres|of predatory whale.
Four times the length of|a Great White Shark.
This female weighs sixty tons
lncredible to think then their ancestors|were tiny furry shrew like animals
that lived in trees.
At this time of year off|the coast of the Northern Tethys
Basilosaurus gather to mate.
A female is being eagerly pursued|by several males.
But it is the eldest and biggest|male that she chooses to mate with
Mating is not an easy task for two|such huge free floating animals
they need a little extra help.
As the successful male manoeuvres|into position he calls upon
one small legacy of their distant|land ancestors.
Basilosaurus retain two|tiny back legs.
These are useless for walking|or even swimming,
but they are used to help lock|their long narrow bodies
together during mating.
The whales of the future will|lose these legs altogether.
The courtship is over but as|it will turn out,
a natural disaster that is|looming is about to make things
very tough indeed for|marine life.
This female's f ate is being|influenced by events f ar f ar
away in the Antarctic.
For the first time in hundreds of|millions of years the sea
is freezing at the Poles, throwing|ocean currents into turmoil.
For a whale that needs on average|eighty kilograms of food a day,
the slightest change of fish|stocks is bad news.
She is at the top of a food chain|that is about to collapse and
she has just become pregnant.
The ocean currents are also|starting to disrupt the climate
and have already affected weather|patterns along the Tethys coastline.
Many areas used to high rainf all|have suffered prolonged
drought this year.
Despite these problems life|ploughs on as best it can.
But the drought can have some|pretty nasty side-effects.
This is Andrewsarchus, a huge|carnivore as tall as a horse
and weighing close to a ton.
Normally he wanders inland in|search of food,
but the drought has driven him|onto the beach.
Bad news for the exhausted turtles|struggling back to the water
after a night laying eggs.
At first the Andrewsarchus seems|a little unsure of
what to do with these curious|shelled creatures.
He is more used to picking|over the carcasses
of giant herbivores.
Despite appearance|Andrewsarchus is not related
to modern scavengers like dogs|or hyenas.
Bizarrely he has hooves on his|feet instead of claws.
ln f act his nearest modern|relatives are hoofed
animals like sheep and goats ...
He is in a sense a sheep|in wolf's clothing.
He is also the largest mammal|carnivore ever to walk the earth.
His huge one metre long jaws are|designed to crush anything,
so the turtle's main defence|is of little use.
During droughts scavengers often do well|but in the long run the hoofed
predators will not adapt quickly enough|to changes in the climate.
He is the last of a dying breed.
Months have passed and the erratic|ocean currents have disturbed
the fish stock so much that|the female Basilosaurus is searching
for food hundreds of miles from her|usual hunting grounds.
Four months pregnant, her situation|has become critical.
She is now forced to hunt|in the most unlikely places.
Lining the southern edges of|the Tethys are endless
expanses of mangrove swamp.
ln the Eocene it's a vast thriving|network of waterways,
but believe it or not you are looking|at what will become one of
the driest areas on the planet|the Sahara Desert.
lt's hardly a classic hunting ground|for an ocean-going whale,
but she is desperate and there is|prey here of a sort.
ln the labyrinth of tidal channels|her size is a real handicap,
but hunger draws her in.
Watching from the branches|above are primates.
These are Apidium that live in highly|social groups and word quickly
gets around when a threat is spotted.
Other creatures here are oblivious|to the new danger.
The amphibious mammal Moeritherium|is too large to be bothered
by the usual predators|such as crocodiles,
so they ignore the chattering primates|and return to the business of eating.
The Apidium move away from the channel|and continue through the mangroves
looking for fruiting trees.
Because different trees fruit at|different times they often have
to cross the waterways.
This is a very risky activity.
There are sharks and crocodiles|to worry about ...
and now there is a whale as well.
lt's a leap of f aith,|but leaping is one thing
Apidium are very good at.
The whale is frustrated for the moment.
With the rising tide however some|waterways become too wide to
jump and the Apidium have to find more|hazardous ways across closer
to the water.
Today their nightmare came true.
lt was a shark.
They certainly won't cross now,
they'll have to wait for|the tide to go down.
By contrast the water isn't usually|dangerous for the Moeritherium.
They spend most of their day here.
Although they are shaped like hippos|and look a bit like pigs,
Moeritherium are related to neither.
Look closely though and the|Moeritherium's nose betrays
its true f amily connection.
The nostrils and lip have joined|together to become one dextrous
muscular unit which helps|them forage for food.
This is in f act a type of trunk.
These benign herbivores are early|relatives of the elephant.
At around two hundred kilograms|they are too big for the sharks.
One Moeritherium heads off|for pastures new ...
But he is heading straight for|the jaws of the female Basilosaurus.
The Moeritherium scrabbles onto|dry land just in time.
But the hungry Basilosaurus|isn't about to give up yet.
Dry land and safety are only|temporary things in the mangroves.
The water still has some way to rise|and most solid ground will
become seabed in just a few hours|time as the high tide sweeps in.
The Basilosaurus will soon be able|to reach the stranded Moertherium.
ln her desperation she has attacked|too early and run aground.
By the time the whale has worked|herself free the Moeritherium
has escaped to the shallower channels|where even the starving
Basilosaurus won't follow.
For the whale, the mangroves|are turning out to be no
better than the open sea.
The Eocene El Nino continues|to wreak havoc.
The weather patterns that|animals rely on are confused.
ln the Northern Tethys the rains|have come, but six weeks
later than usual.
And then instead of lasting months|they are over in a few weeks.
ln the scrubland the rains have|finally provided new growth,
but the damage caused by the prolonged|drought has already been done.
These Brontothere herds in particular|have been hit hard.
Though distantly related to horses and|rhinos they're not much like either.
They're twice as big as modern rhinos|with brains just one third of the size.
They are not the brightest of beasts
Still they are one of the most|successful groups of mammals around,
found across the Northern Hemisphere|in herds of hundreds.
This year though some herds are|in a sorry state.
This should be a time for calving|but a high proportion
are being still-born.
The few youngsters that have survived|the drought continue to behave as
youngsters always do.
These two adolescent males practice|for adulthood, challenging one
another over as yet non existent females.
ln another difference to rhinos the|outgrowths on their noses are not
horn or hair, but bone.
These are more for show than|for head-butting.
The bone crests are f ar|too brittle for that.
The scavengers are having|a better time of it.
And Andrewsarchus is trying to harass|a mother Brontothere and get at
her dead calf.
The female though is being|fiercely protective.
lt is impossible to say whether|this mother even understands
that her calf is dead.
Like most mammals she has a very|strong bond with her
offspring and will defend it for|as long as she can.
Now a second Andrewsarchus has arrived.
lt is going to be difficult for|the mother to keep them both away.
The first Andrewsarchus seizes|its chance.
After all day defending a lost cause|the mother appears to be giving up.
The scavengers aren't used to|having to share the spoils.
As they wrestle for the calf|the mother mistakes its movement
for signs of life
She is spurred into action again.
She returns to her lonely and|fruitless vigil.
The Andrewsarchus will be back.
As the weeks pass the environmental|crisis at sea shows
no sign of easing.
lt can only be described|as an ocean f amine.
For the female Basilosaurus|who is now heavily pregnant
things are desperate.
She is getting barely enough|for herself to eat never mind
her unborn calf.
With her limited f at reserves|all but gone,
her body will soon abort her offspring|in order to preserve her own life.
Suddenly the sea around her is filled|with the bustling activity of a
group of smaller whales called Dorudon.
When Dorudon gather in numbers|it means that the females are
about to give birth.
This might look like a friendly greeting|it is anything but.
The smaller whales are mobbing|the giant, using their
numbers to try and force her away.
Basilosaurus preys on their young|and somewhere nearby must be the
Dorudon's calving ground.
lt appears as though she has been|driven to the seabed.
But there is method in her madness.
She has to do something that is more|important than ever if her unborn
calf is to survive.
She must scratch.
By dragging herself over a convenient|sandbar she can slough off
the outer layer of her skin and with|it any parasites or barnacles that
may have got a foothold.
For an animal that relies|on speed to hunt,
keeping her body sleek and|streamlined is the difference
between success and hunger.
She is ready to go hunting whales.
Every year Dorudon gather in this calm,|protected lagoon to give birth.
The first calves are appearing|just a few days old and already
in mortal danger.
The Basilosaurus has found the lagoon ...
She has been spotted and the calves|are quickly shepherded away
from the threat.
Defending together the adult Dorudon|launch aggressive attacks against
the Basilosaurus in an attempt|to drive her off.
Their efforts appear|surprisingly effective.
The Basilosaurus moves away.
Calm is restored but|it won't last for long.
This is a hungry mother.
Over the course of the next few days|the Basilosaurus returns
time after time.
The lagoon is transformed from|a sanctuary into a bloodbath
This is what it means to be|top of the food chain.
lt has taken the death of several|Dorudon calves to further the survival
of the unborn Basilosaurus.
lt has been a year since|the female Basilosaurus mated.
She is once again out in the open seas
But this time she is not alone.
Against all the odds|she has finally given birth.
Against the odds she and|her calf have survived.
Sadly what they have been through|is merely the start of the climate
chaos to follow which will end|the Eocene period and cause the largest
extinction since the death|of the dinosaurs.
As devastating as any meteor will be|the catastrophic disruption of
the ocean's currents caused|by the gradual freezing of Antarctica.
Like a gigantic El Nino only|much much worse.
Twenty percent of living things|on earth will die out.
Whales as a group will survive|but Basilosaurus and her kind
will not be among them.
Next time mammals on land go|from big to bigger.
We will walk with the lndricothere's -
...mammals that rival in size|the dinosaurs of old.
lt is a world of the big,|the bad and the ugly.
Wag The Dog
Waga seishun ni kuinashi 1946
Wait Until Dark CD1
Wait Until Dark CD2
Waking Ned Devine (1998)
Waking Ned Divine
Waking Up In Reno
Walk On The Moon A 1999
Walk To Remember A
Walk on Water
Walk on the Wild Side
Walking With Beasts BBC Part02 Whale Killer
Walking With Beasts BBC Part03 Land Of Giants
Walking With Beasts BBC Part04 Next Of Kin
Walking With Beasts BBC Part05 Sabre Tooth
Walking With Beasts BBC Part06 Mammoth Journey
Walking and Talking 1996
Walking tall (2004)
Walking with Dinosaurs
WarGames (1983) CD1
WarGames (1983) CD2
War Game The
War Game The (author commentary)
War Hunt 1962
War Is Over The (Alain Resnais 1966)
War Lover The 1962
War Zone The
War and Peace CD1
War and Peace CD2
War of the Roses The
War of the Worlds The
War of the Worlds The (1953)
Warm Water Under a Red Bridge (Shohei Imamura 2001) CD1
Warm Water Under a Red Bridge (Shohei Imamura 2001) CD2
Warriors Of Heaven And Earth 2003 CD1
Warriors Of Heaven And Earth 2003 CD2
Warriors Of Heaven And Earth CD1
Warriors Of Heaven And Earth CD2
Washington Heights (2002)
Water Drops on Burning Rock
Waterloo 1970 CD1
Waterloo 1970 CD2
Way We Were The
Way of the Gun The
Waynes World 1992
Waynes World 2
We Are No Angels 1989
We Dont Live Here Anymore
We Were Soldiers
Weapon of War CD1
Weapon of War CD2
Wedding Planner The
Wedding Singer The
Weekend Godard 1967
Weekend at Bernies II
Weight of Water The
Weird Science CD1
Weird Science CD2
Welcome Back Mr McDonald 1997
Welcome To Mooseport
Welcome to Collinwood (2002)
Welcome to Sarajevo
Welcome to the Dollhouse
Wes Cravens New Nightmare
West Side Story CD1
West Side Story CD2
West Wing The
Whale Rider 2002
Whales Of August The 1987
What About Bob (1991)
What Dreams May Come CD1 1998
What Dreams May Come CD2 1998
What Fault Is It Of Ours 2003 CD1
What Fault Is It Of Ours 2003 CD2
What Lies Beneath CD1
What Lies Beneath CD2
What Planet Are You From
What Price Glory
What Women Want
What Women Want CD1
What Women Want CD2
What a Girl Wants
What a Way to Go 1964
Whatever Happened to Baby Jane 1962
Whatever It Takes
Whats Eating Gilbert Grapewegg CD1
Whats Eating Gilbert Grapewegg CD2
Whats Love Got To Do With It 1993
Whats New Pussycat
Whats The Worst That Could Happen
Whats Up Doc
Wheels on Meals
When A Man Loves A Woman 1994 CD1
When A Man Loves A Woman 1994 CD2
When Harry Met Sally
When I Turned Nine 2004 CD1
When I Turned Nine 2004 CD2
When Ruoma Was Seventeen 2002
When The Last Sword Is Drawn 2003 CD1
When The Last Sword Is Drawn 2003 CD2
When Will I Be Loved 2004
When the Rain Lifts 1999
When the Sky Falls
When we were kings
Where Angels Go Trouble Follows (James Neilson 1968)
Where Eagles Dare CD1
Where Eagles Dare CD2
Where The Heart Is
Where the Red Fern Grows 2003
Where the Sidewalk Ends
Whisper of the Heart
White Fang - To the Rescue
White Man Cant Jump CD1
White Man Cant Jump CD2
White Sheik The
White Sun Of The Desert 1970
White Valentine - 25fps - 1999
White Valentine 1999
Who Are You 2002 CD1
Who Are You 2002 CD2
Who Is Cletis Tout
Who framed Roger Rabbit (1988)
Whole Nine Yards The
Whole ten yards The
Whos Afraid of Virginia Woolf CD1
Whos Afraid of Virginia Woolf CD2
Whos Harry Crumb
Whos That Knocking at My Door
Whos Your Daddy
Wicked - 29,970fps 1998
Wicked 1998 29,970fps
Wicked City - 1973
Wicked City 1973
Wicker Park CD1
Wicker Park CD2
Wild Bunch The
Wild Bunch The - Restored Directors Cut
Wild One The
Wind Carpet The (Kamal Tabrizi 2003)
Wind Will Carry Us The CD1
Wind Will Carry Us The CD2
Wings of Desire CD1
Wings of Desire CD2
Wizard Of Darkness
Wizard of Oz The CD1
Wizard of Oz The CD2
Women from Mars
Women in Black The
World Is Not Enough The
Worst of Ed Wood Boxed Set The